Are your looking to buy arts and crafts of the Islamic world? Planning to decorate your home with arts and crafts of the Islamic style? It would benefit you if you learn about the basics and some well-known types of Islamic art. As its names suggest, Islamic arts and crafts came into being after Islam spread in the 7th century in the Arabian Peninsula. These arts and crafts were created by residents of Muslim-majority areas like the Arabian peninsula, Turkey, Spain, and Persia, or territories where Muslims were in a minority but formed the governing class such as in South Asia. Islamic art dates back to 1400 years ago and includes categories such as calligraphy, painting, glass, pottery, and textile arts such as carpets and embroidery.

Islamic art also comprises of secular motifs like geometric patterns and floral motifs seen in palaces, mosques, workspaces as well as in artifacts and carpets.

1} Calligraphy: Arabic calligraphy is the prominent aspect of Islamic art. Though Arabic was always spoken in pre-Islamic Arabia, Arabic calligraphy got a lease of life after the establishment of Islam as the new faith in the 7th century AD. The need to compile the Quran in the form of a book, and the prohibition of a depiction of human and animal pictures led to the development of Islamic or Arabic calligraphy, which is an unparalleled tradition. The walls and domes of Islamic monuments are covered with Arabic calligraphy.

2} Miniature paintings: A miniature painting is a small painting on paper that is compiled in an album called the ‘muraqqa’. Having taken root in Persia in the 13th century, miniature paintings were later used in the courts of the Ottoman and Mughal rulers. They were not meant for public display, only for court use which led to the lifting of religious restrictions from the depiction of human and animal figures.

3] Rugs and carpets: This comes next to calligraphy in terms of visibility. But while calligraphy is religious art, carpets, and rugs use non-religious elements like floral patterns, motifs borders, and geometric designs. When blended with calligraphy, they are used as wall art, or else they are used as prayer rugs and to cover the floor. They are a significant industry in Iran, Turkey, and parts of South Asia.

4} Ceramic pottery: Ceramic pottery and tiles made up for the absence of wall paintings in the Islamic world. Though the earliest pottery goes back to Basra, Iraq, in the 8th century, the Chinese played the influential part in the development of pottery after the Mongol raids in the 13th century.

There are other important fields in the realm of Islamic art, including glass, silk and metal works produced in different parts – from Spain and Morocco to China and Indonesia.

In the present era, there are several new, modern innovations in the world of Islamic arts and crafts like wall decals, metal frames, and digital prints. So, if you are looking to buy arts and crafts of the Islamic world, or want to decorate your with arts and crafts of the Islamic style, you would surely come across a treasure.


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